Migraines – Stages, Symptoms, Types and Treatment

If medications are proving futile to one, they can opt for surgeries like Neurostimulation, MTSDS (Botox Injections), etc. ONLY AFTER PROPER DOCTOR’S CONSULTATION

Migraines – Stages, Symptoms, Types and Treatment
Migraines – Stages, Symptoms, Types and Treatment
Are headaches your new best friend? Finding yourself often clutching your head in splitting pain? Is a pain so intense that it puts your routine at stake? Extremely vulnerable to sudden bright light or loud sounds? Well, Say Hello to MIGRAINES. Migraines are a very common neurologic clinical case related to headaches, which usually occurs due to the precise release of the neurotransmitter due to brain chemicals. A headache accompanied by excruciating pain and tingling like sensation, most of the times on one side of the head. Along with extreme intolerance to light and sound, sometimes even smell. A Migraine leads way to the feeling of Nausea, Fatigue and Purging, etc. The migraine can last for hours to days, as the whole process has pre- and post-symptoms (known as AURA) as well, as per the specific type. There is no specific age bar to this condition. Usually begins in the young adulthood, accelerating at the 30s, and gradually begins to decline with age. Those who suffer from constant bouts of migraines are so affected that it starts impacting their lifestyle on personal and professional grounds. Migraines are highly treatable and avertable with mostly OTC (Over the Counter) drugs, medications which are easily available on online pharmacies and by following proper precautions under doctor’s guidance. Migraines happen to occur with a Symptom more like a procedure called AURA which need not be experienced by all those who suffer from migraine attacks. AURA compiles of 4 stages; 1. Prodrome It begins 30-48 hours prior with almost vague symptoms. Like constant urge to pee, an immense feeling of thirst, yawning unnecessarily, constipation, cravings, extreme mood swings, tautness in the neck and shoulder area, etc. 2. Aura This can occur either earlier or during the main attack, the signs are usually sensory and can last for a few minutes to even an hour. Symptoms include Loss of Vision, Struggling to Speak, flashing of colours and black spots, Pricking and tingling in legs and arms, Numbing on one side of the face or body, Violent Jerking, etc. 3. Attack A Migraine Attack’s Occurrence and Timeline varies for every individual as per their type of Migraine. The Main Symptoms which define a migraine attack are Severe Headache (can occur on both sides) usually on one side, Throbbing like sensation, Hypersensitivity to Light, Sound, Smell and Touch, Vomiting, Nauseating, etc. 4. Postdrome The stage after the attack, where one experiences fatigue and drained out, as the after effect. Where even slight sudden movements can bring back the shocking pain. The AURA comprises of all the MIGRAINE related SIGNS & SYMPTOMS. TYPES of MIGRAINES  Common Migraine The Most Experienced Migraine Attack. Almost 80-90% of the Migraine Attacks are Common, these occur without the whole AURA process.  Classic Migraine This is the migraine where one experiences the full-fledged effects of the AURA and are more intense than the Common Migraines.  Acephalgic aka Silent Migraine The Migraine where you will experience all the other related symptoms of Migraine, except for the expected Headache. The symptoms are usually of the Prodrome Stage. Hence, it is known as Silent Migraine as well.  Hemiplegic Migraine Stroke-like Pain along with the AURA is what Hemiplegic Migraine feels like. Loss of muscle movement, restricted vision, etc. Almost like the opposite of Acephalgic.  Ophthalmic Migraine This migraine is rare and is also known as Retinal or Ocular or Optical or Monocular Migraine. It experiences the visual AURA effects, like blurred vision or even blindness, usually in just one eye (can happen in both) for a few hours.  Hormonal Migraine This Migraine occurs when the body experiences an imbalance of hormones, usually during the menstrual cycles, ovulation, pregnancy, perimenopause, PCOS/PCOD, etc.  Vestibular Migraine These migraine attacks are linked to the sense of vertigo and its effects. Like Dizziness, Fatigue, Nausea, etc. Mostly 35% of people suffering from migraines experience Vestibular Migraine.  Basilar Migraine This Migraine is also called the Brainstem Migraine. Which starts at the base of the brain, which is known as the Brainstem and spreads all over and gets severe with time. Can last up to 4 to 72 hours, dependable.  Status migrainosus The Extended Migraine. A standard migraine attack max to max lasts for 72 hours. When the attack extends it turns into Status Migrainosus, which is usually due to not being treated in due time.  Chronic Migraine This Migraine Last of more than 15 days per month for 3 months consecutively. This phenomenon is known as Chronic Migraine. TREATMENT OTC Medications Include Aspirin, NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) – Ibuprofen, Advil, Tylenol, Drugs consisting of caffeine and pain relievers. Migraine Attacks can be Prevented and Halted with Proper Prescribed Medications. Here’s a list of few drugs which are popularly prescribed. *  Ergots – For attacks which last for 2 days. More effective when consumed immediately. • Ergotamine; • Dihydroergotamine  Triptans – Restrict Blood vessels and Obstruct Pain Pathways to the Brain. • Sumatriptan; • Naratriptan; • Frovatriptan; • Eletriptan; • Almotriptan; • Rizatriptan, etc.  Beta-Blockers – Can reduce the extremity of the attacks • Verapamil; • Propranolol; • Metoprolol Tartrate; • Lisinopril, etc.  Anti-Depressants – Releases Serotonin in the Brain • Topiramate; • Venlafaxine; • Valproate, etc. There are various other drugs prescribed, but it is very important to seek medical and professional consultation before consuming any of the following medications. If medications are proving futile to one, they can opt for surgeries like Neurostimulation, MTSDS (Botox Injections), etc. ONLY AFTER PROPER DOCTOR’S CONSULTATION. #migraines #types #headache #aura #stages #medications #3MEDS